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A. Reign of Joash, king of Judah (12:1-21; 2 Chron. 23:1-21; 24:1-27)

1. The character of his reign (v. 1-3; 2 Chron. 24:1-3, 17-19)

a. Began to reign at the age of 7 – reigned for 40 years

b. Did right and prospered in days when Jehoiada, the priest, instructed him

c. High places were not taken away

2. The work of repairing the Temple (v. 4-16; 2 Chron. 24:4-14)

3. The Syrian invasion under King Hazael – bought off by King Joash (v. 17-18; 2 Chron. 24:20-24)

4. The assassination and burial of King Joash (v. 19-21; 2 Chron. 24:25-27a)

B. Reign of Jehoahaz, king of Israel (13:1-9)

1. The character of his reign (v. 1-2)

a. Reigns for 17 years

b. Did evil in the sight of Jehovah – followed sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat – calf worship; Asherah

2. Delivered unto the hands of the kings of Syria continually – delivered from Syria when the king beseeches                 Jehovah (v. 3-7, 22-23)

3. Death of Jehoahaz (v. 8-9)

C. Reign of Joash, the son of Jehoahaz, king of Israel (13:10-21, 25)

1. The character of his reign (v. 10-13)

a. Did evil in the sight of Jehovah – departed not from the sins of Jeroboam, the son of Nebat – reigns 16                     years.

b. War with Amaziah, king of Judah

2. Comes to visit Elisha when Elisha is sick (v. 14-19, 25).

a. Shooting the arrow of victory

b. Victorious over Syria three times

3. Death and burial of Elisha (v. 20-21)

a. Incident of dead man being thrown upon bones of Elisha – man bought back to life.

b. Death of Joash (v. 13, 14:15-16)

D. Reign of Amaziah, king of Judah (14:1-22; 2 Chronicles 24: 27b – 25:28)

1. The character of his reign (v. 1-4; 2 Chron. 25:1-2, 14-16)

a. Began to reign at the age of 25 – reigned 29 years.

b. Did right in the eyes of Jehovah – but high places not taken away.

2. Kills servants who assassinated his father (v. 5-6; 2 Chron. 25:3-4)

a. Spared the children due to principle of man shall die for his own sin.

3. Slays 10,000 in Edom – 10,000 at “the rock” (v. 7; 2 Chron. 25:5-13)   

4. War with Jehoash, king of Israel (v. 8-14; 2 Chron. 25:17-24)

5. Final days of Amaziah and death (v. 17-22; 2 Chron. 25:25-28)

E. Reign of Jeroboam, the son of Joash, king of Israel (14:23-29)

1. The character of his reign (v. 23-24)

a. Reigned for 41 years

b. Did evil in the sight of Jehovah – departed not from sins of Jeroboam, the son of Nebat.

2. Restores borders of Israel: from Hamath to sea of Arabah (v. 25-27)

3. Recovers Damascus and Hamath from Judah (v. 28)

4. Death of Jeroboam, king of Israel (v. 29)


1. Who influenced young Jehoash when he began to reign over Judah?

    What were some of the sins of Jehoash after this person died?

2. Why was there a constant threat of idolatry during the reign of Jehoash?

3. From what three sources were the monies for repairing the house of Jehovah being collected?

4. What method of collecting was not working among the priests?

5. What method proved successful in collecting the money for repairing the house of Jehovah?

6. What was replenished after repairs of the house of Jehovah were finished?

7. What monies belonged to the priests?

8. Why did Hazael, king of Syria, leave Jerusalem after setting his face towards Jerusalem?

9. How and where did King Jehoash die?

10. What did King Jehoahaz finally do to be delivered from the Syrians?

11. What did Jehoash, king of Israel think of Elisha?  Why?

12. What was the relationship with the arrows and victory over Syria?

13. What happened to the dead man whose body touched the bones of Elisha?

14. Amaziah, king of Judah, did that which is right in the eyes of Jehovah, like David (T) (F).

15. Why did Amaziah not kill the children to those men who murdered his father?

16. How many of Edom did King Amaziah kill at the valley of salt?

17. How did his victory affect his desire to meet Jehoash, the king of Israel?

18. How did the allegory of the cedar and thistle apply to Amaziah and Jehoash?

19. What damage did Jehoash do to Jerusalem?

20. Amaziah outlived Jehoash _______________ years.

21. Why and where did Amaziah die?

22. What prophecy of Jonah was fulfilled in the reign of Jeroboam?

23. Describe the reign of Jeroboam?