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A. Be zealous for good – do not fear men (3:13-17)

1. Generally speaking, men do not harm them who do good.

2. But if God wills that you suffer for righteousness, do the following:

a. set Christ as Lord in your heart.

b. be ready always to give answer for the reason of your hope.

3. Live with a truly good conscience

4. This good conduct puts to shame the revilers.

5. Better to suffer for well-doing than for evil-doing.

B. Reflect on the example of Christ (3:18-4:6)

1. Christ, the righteous One, suffered for the sins of the unrighteous.

a. Purpose: to bring us to God

2. Put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit

a. In the spirit…he had preached in the days of Noah to the unrighteous, who were disobedient, and                 now reserved for Judgment.

b. In the spirit…He has all authority in heaven to save.

(1). As the righteous were saved through water in the days of Noah, baptism in water saves                   us now.

(2). By the resurrection of Jesus Christ

3, Jesus dies for sins once that we should no longer live in the flesh to the lusts of men

a. Be armed with the same mind.

b. The spiritually dead may speak evil of you when you do not join them in their riotous living.

c. All, including the spiritually dead will give account to the Lord in Judgment.

4. The Gospel was preached to condemn living in the lusts of the flesh in order that man may live in the                 spirit.

C. Service to God and Christians commanded due to impending end (4:7-11)

1. Be of sound mind.

2. Be calm in prayer.

3. Be fervent in love toward one another.

4. Be good stewards – that God be glorified in Jesus Christ

D. Face the persecution as a test (4:12-19)

1. Do not consider it strange – you are partakers of Christ’s sufferings.

a. You will rejoice at the revelation of Christ’s glory.

2. If reproached for the name of Christ – God’s spirit and glory rests upon you.

3. Do not be ashamed to suffer as a Christian – glorify God in this name.

4. If the godly are saved through difficulties – what is the end of them who do not obey the gospel?

5. Commit your souls in well-doing unto a faithful Creator.


1. Give two reasons why doing that which is good will serve the Christian in this life:

2. What should we always be ready to do even in times of persecution?

3. How is Christ a prime example for unjust persecution?

4. How did Christ speak in the spirit in Noah’s day?

5. How does water relate to salvation both in Noah’s day and the present?

6. What does Christ offer that serves us as mental armor?

7. What light does I Peter 4:3 shed on the questions of “should we dance?” and “Is social drinking alright?”

8. What can happen if you do not run with the crowd? How can this help us prepare ourselves and our children for the world today?

9. What are two purposes for preaching the Gospel?

10. What “end” is under consideration in I Peter 4:7?

11. What kind of mind is conducive to prayer?

12. What does fervent love do for the brethren?

13. What is part of the grace of God in 4:7-11?

14. Give two synonyms for “suffering as a Christian:”

15. What encouragement does one have when he or she suffers as a Christian?



A. Exhortations to the elders (v.1-4)

1. Encouragement from Peter as a “fellow-elder.”

2. Specific instructions:

a. Tend the flock among you.

b. Exercise oversight willingly – not of constraint, nor of dishonorable gain.

c. Be examples to the flock – do not lord it over the flock.

3. Faithful elders will receive a victorious crown when Jesus, the Chief Shepherd, is manifested.

a. Crown does not fade away

B. Exhortations to all (v. 5:5-11)

1. Younger ones are to submit to older ones, including the recognized elders.

2. Gird self with humility to serve one another

3. Humble self before God who will exalt you.

4. Cast all anxiety upon God because He cares for you

5. Be sober and watchful of the devil

a. An adversary who is ready to devour souls through persecution

b. Withstand the devil in your faith

c. Know that brethren elsewhere are enduring the same trial

d. Know that the God of grace will restore, establish and strengthen you – praise to God for His everlasting                 dominion

C. Final salutations (v. 12-14)

1. Recognition of Silvanus (Silas) as bearer of this letter

2. Recognition of purpose of writing this letter: exhortation and testifying of the true grace of God – stand fast                 therein

3. Greetings from the church in Babylon

4. Greetings from Mark – Peter’s son in the faith

5. Exhortation to greet one another with kiss of love

6. Final wishes of peace to those in Christ


1. How did Peter address the elders of the congregations?

2. In what two ways was Peter connected with Christ?

3. Give three “positive” instructions Peter gives to the elders:

4. Give three “negative” prohibitions Peter gives to the elders?

5. What was promised to the faithful elder? When would the elder receive the promise?

6. Are the “elders” in 5:1 different from the “elder” in 5:5? Why?

7. With what should we gird ourselves? Why?

8. God ______________ the proud, but giveth ___________________ to the _____________________.

9. Why should the Christian never be distracted or overwhelmed by anxiety?

10. What two characteristics of the devil make in imperative that we be sober and watchful?

11. What is the specific work of the devil that is under consideration in verses 8-9?

12. Why is God exalted in Peter’s doxology in verses 10-11?

13. Who was Silvanus, and what was his connection with Peter’s letter?

14. What is the purpose of Peter writing this letter?

15. Who is “she that is in Babylon”?

16. What is the character of the kiss enjoined by Peter?

17. Is this commandment obeyed in the church today? If not, why not?

18. What does Peter desire for those who are in Christ?