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A. God calls unto the nations to be his instrument of wrath upon Babylon (13:1-5).

B. Wailing with pain and dismay will characterize Babylon in the day of Jehovah (13:6-9).

C. Great calamity is in store for Babylon and those allied with her (13:10-16).

D. God stirs up the ruthless Medes to bring desolation to the land of Babylon (13:17-22).

E. God’s punishment upon Babylon allows Jacob to possess their land again (14:1-20).

1. Joy and rest from Babylon’s rule.

2. Babylon’s unrestrained persecution is broken – the land can sing again.

3. Pomp of Babylon brought down to Sheol: dead chief ones greet Babylon.

F. God will destroy and bring desolation upon Babylon - no remnant (14:21-23).

G. God swears to destroy Babylon following his overthrow of Assyria (v.24-27).


1. What is the concept communicated by the phrase: “the burden of…” that we shall see beginning in chapter 13 and continuing through chapter 23?

2. Why is Jehovah mustering a host from among the nations?

3. What connection do the nations have with Jehovah?

4. What is connected with the “day of Jehovah” in 13:6-9?

5. Why will Babylon’s faces be as “faces of fire”?

6. Do stars not giving their light and heavens and the earth trembling “symbolize” anything?

7. Who are those fleeing to their own land in verses 14, and from what are they fleeing?

8. What nation will God use to destroy the Babylonians? How ruthless will this people be?

9. When Babylon is overthrown what will become of their “beauty” and “pride”?

10. When Babylon is overthrown, what does it mean to the descendents of Jacob?

11. When Babylon is brought low what will happen in “Sheol”?

12. The “day star” or “Lucifer” in 14:12 is:

(a). Babylon

(b). Satan

(c). Both Babylon and Satan

(d). “The Anti-Christ”

13. What will those gazing at Babylon think about them when Babylon is overthrown?

14. What will be “cut off of Babylon”?

15. Where will the “Assyrian be broken”?

16. How would the people of Isaiah’s day have confidence that the prophecy being seen by Isaiah would be fulfilled?

17. Why is Isaiah’s prophecy in chapters 13-14 a great example of “miraculous prophetic foresight”?



A. Burden against Phylistia (14:28-32)

1. Time of prophesy: The year that Ahaz died.

2. Phylistia not to rejoice over Judah’s current weak condition.

3. Phylistia will be destroyed by foe from the north – Judah will be spared.

B. Burden against Moab (15:1-16:14)

1. Capital city – Ar and military strongholds – Kir, along with principal cities will be weeping over their sudden                 destruction.

2. Moab’s protection is in Zion – But their pride and arrogance against God will be their downfall.

3. Prophecy to be fulfilled within three years.

C. Burden against Damascus (Samaria) (17:1-13)

1. Damascus and her confederate Ephraim will be taken into Assyrian captivity.

2. Remnant left of the glory of Jacob

3. Ephraim will look to God in their distress and not their idols.

4. Their oppressor Assyria will be overthrown.


1. Why were the last days of Ahaz a time for rejoicing in Phylistia over Judah?

2. Who is coming from the north that will cause howling in the gates of Phylistia’s cities?

3. What is Isaiah’s description of this enemy from the north?

4. When the enemy comes upon Phylistia, what will messengers be reporting about Judah?

5. Describe the EFFECTS of destruction of Moab upon her inhabitants:

6. How did Isaiah feel about Moab’s destruction?

7. Why was “sending lambs” to the mount of the daughter of Zion important for Moab to do?

8. Why is Zion a place for refuge?

9. What will happen to Moab’s arrogance and boastings?

10. Where will Moab go to pray?  What will result from this activity?

11. Who revealed this prophecy against Moab “in time past”?

12. When does Isaiah his prophecy will be fulfilled?

13. Describe the remnant that will be left behind in Moab?

14. Why is Ephraim included in the burden against Damascus?

15. How is a remnant of the glory of Jacob described by Isaiah?

16. In the day of God’s judgment upon Ephraim to whom will the people look?

17. What did not help Ephraim in the day of God’s judgment upon them?

18. When was the prophecy against Damascus and Ephraim fulfilled?

19. Who will rise up against the foe of Damascus and Ephraim?

20. What will happen to the oppressor of Damascus and Ephraim?