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A. Exhortation to righteous living with consolation and hope for proselytes and eunuchs (Isa. 56:1-8).

1. God’s blessings upon those who live righteously and do not profane the Sabbath (v. 1-2).

2. Foreigners who have joined God’s people and eunuchs who live righteously will be accepted and blessed (v. 3-8).

B. Rebuke of leaders of Israel for their neglect of duty and for the errors of the people of Israel (Isa. 56:9- 57:21)

1. Israel’s leaders have failed as warning watchmen and have become dumb dogs in their self-centered greed (56:9-12).

2. The righteous have been killed but will escape the evil to come upon the unrighteous (57:1-2).

3. The rebuke of the unrighteous acts is connected with the people’s idolatry (57:11-13).

4. The object of people’s reverential fear will not save them (57:11-13).

5. God will dwell with and bless the contrite and humble in heart – no peace for the wicked (57:14-21).



1. What should the people do because God’s salvation was near?

2. What salvation was near?  

3. What is the character of the “foreigner” who does not have to fear being excluded among God’s people?

4. What three righteous acts does the eunuch do that will bring God’s blessings?

5. Why does the eunuch not have to remain in despair because he is a “dry tree?”

6. Whom are the beasts of the field invited by God to devour?

7. Give three characterizations of the “watchmen” who have failed in their responsibility to “watch”?

8. What blindness did the watchmen or shepherds manifest?  

9. What was not being considered as the righteous were perishing in Israel?

10. What attitude did the idolaters have toward the righteous?

11. To what “god” were the children of the people of Israel being sacrificially slain?

12. Why is it especially such a sad state for the people of Israel to have a memorial to their gods behind their door and posts?

13.   To whom did Israel in their idolatry appeal to for strength?

14. What will all the works of the idolatrous people do for them?

15. With whom does the High and Lofty and Holy God dwell?

16. Why will God not always contend with His people?

17. Why did God smite His people?  What immediate effect did it have on His people?

18. Who will have peace with God?

19. What are the wicked like?



A. The need to cry out against the religious formalism and the self-righteous presumption of the people of Israel (58:1-14).

1. The need to cry aloud pointing out the transgression and sins of the people of Jacob (v. 1)

2. The people appear to be like a nation seeking God in righteousness (v. 2).

3. In their self-righteousness, the people wonder why God does not approve and reward them for the fasting (v. 3-4).

4. The character of true worship – loving relationship with others (v. 5-7)

5. The blessings connected with true worship (v. 8-14).

B. The barrier between God and His people will be finally broken down (59:1-21).

1. Israel’s iniquities and sins have separated God’s people from God’s saving hand and hearing ear (v. 1-8).

2. Confessing the sins of the people, God’s prophet points out their true condition (v. 9- 15).

3. God’s clothes Himself in wrath and sends a redeemer to Zion (v. 16-21)



1. Does God want us to spare the feelings of God’s people and not specifically point out their sins?

2. Characterize what the true people of God act like?

3. Why was God not pleased with the house of Jacob’s fasting?

4. What must never be separated from our acts of worship in order for our worship to be pleasing unto God and a blessing to us?

5. Outline four promises from verses 8-12 that God will bless His people with when they truly worship God:

6. What were the people of God to do when Isaiah instructs them to “turn thy foot from the sabbath?”

7. If God does not hear us, what is the cause for the problem?

8. In what two areas of life had the people of Israel sinned before God?

9. What do the metaphors of “adder’s eggs” and “spider’s webs”  point out about the people of Israel?

10. How “frustrating” is it to live in unrighteousness?

11. What four things could not be found among God’s sinful people?

12. What does God arm himself to do?

13.   Who all is included as objects in God’s judgment?

14. Describe the characteristics surrounding God’s covenant with His people: