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A. The witness of John (1:19-34)

     1. Place: in Bethany beyond the Jordan

                 2. Occasion: Jews sending priests and Levites to ask questions regarding John’s identity

                 3. John denies being the Messiah, Elijah, or the Prophet of prophecy, but claims to be the voice crying in the wilderness of Isaiah’s prophecy

                4. John’s humility: unworthy to unloose latchet of Jesus’ shoes

                5. John’s twofold testimony:

a. Jesus is the lamb of God – takes away the sin of the world

                        b. Jesus is the Son of God – signified by the descending dove at baptism of Jesus.

B.  Jesus manifested to disciples (1:35-51)

                1. John and two of His disciples (Andrew one of them) spend remainder of the day with Jesus

    2. Andrew tells Cephas that he has found the Messiah.

                        a. Jesus tells Cephas his name shall be called Peter – stone

                3. Next day, Philip called by Jesus to follow Him.

                4. Philip finds Nathanael revealing that the one Moses and the law wrote about is present – Nathanael becomes believer after discourse with Jesus.

a. Jesus tells of private things concerning Nathanael.

                        b. Jesus tells of greater things – heaven open with ascending and descending angels upon the Son of man.

C. Manifestation of miraculous power by turning water into wine (2:1-11)

                1. Occasion: marriage feast in Cana of Galilee – wine supply depleted

    2. Problem made known to Jesus by his mother – Jesus’ verbal response

                3. Jesus requests that the servants fill six water pots with water – approximately 150 gallons.

a. Good wine drawn out

b. Beginning of Jesus’ miraculous signs.


1. Who all did John deny being?

2. Were the ones John denied being promised to come in O.T. prophecy?  

 Give Scripture to support your answer.

3. What was one prophecy John fulfilled?

4. What statement of John expressed his humility?

5. What two identifying statements did John make concerning Jesus?

6. Why did John come baptizing in water?

7. How did John know the Messiah?

8. Who, according to Philip, wrote about Jesus?

9. Describe the attitude of Nathanael toward Jesus BEFORE and then AFTER meeting Him.

10. What happened to change Nathanael’s mind concerning Jesus?

11. What did Jesus promise Nathanael that he would see that was greater than what he had already seen?

12. When finding Jesus, what were the disciples moved to do next?

13. Explain Jesus’ statement to His mother: “Woman, what have I to do with thee? Mine hour is not yet come.”

14. For what use were the water pots and how much did they hold?

15. Does “good wine” necessarily mean potent intoxicating wine?

16. Over what did Jesus show His power in turning water into wine?



A. Manifested to Jews in Jerusalem during Passover (2:12-25)

1. Jesus drives out money changers in temple with scourge of cords – Father’s house made house of merchandise.

a. “zeal for thy house shall eat me up” (Psm. 69:9)

2. Jews ask for sign of authority to drive men out of the temple – Jesus offers figurative sign of his resurrection.

a. Destroy this temple (Jesus’ body), I (Christ) will raise it up in three days.

b. Jesus’ own disciples remembered this AFTER Jesus was raised from the dead.

3. Many believed on Christ’s name – but Jesus does not trust Himself to men.

a. Believed through beholding the signs he did.

b. yet, Jesus knew all men and knew what was in man.

B. Manifested to Nicodemus (3:1-21).

            1. Nicodemus understood through signs that Jesus was from God.

a. Rabbi – teacher

b. God indeed with Jesus.

2. Jesus proclaims that men must be born anew if they are to enter the kingdom of heaven.

a. Jesus speaks of spiritual birth.

b. Nicodemus thinks of physical birth.

3. As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness to save his people, Jesus as the Son of man must be lifted up (die) in order to save His people.

a. Manifestation of God’s great love.

b. Manifested not to judge, but to save.

    (1).  He that believeth, not judged – comes to the light

    (2).  He that believeth not is judged already

    (3).  Light has come – yet people love darkness and hate the reproving light.

C. John proclaims Jesus as the Son of God in Aenon, near Salim (3:22-36)

            1. Jesus nearby in land of Judaea making disciples.

2.  Question of purifying turns to question of Jesus’ greater popularity than John.

3. John proclaims that Christ is the Son of God and above all.

a. Jesus is the bridegroom – John the friend of the bridegroom

b. Jesus must increase – John must decrease.

c. Jesus comes from above – and above all.

d. Jesus speaks the words of God.

e. Jesus has received from His loving Father all things.

f. Therefore, He that believeth on Son hath eternal life – He that obeyeth not the Son has God’s wrath.


1. What occasion brings Jesus to Jerusalem?

2. Why does Jesus drive out the people and the animals from the temple?

3. What did Jesus’ disciples remember when they saw Him drive out the Jews from the temple?

4. In 2:18, to what two events do the Jews refer?

5. Did Jesus’ rejection by the Jews take God by surprise?

6. When did Jesus’ disciples understand His words?

7. Why did Jesus not trust Himself to men when they saw and believed His signs?

8. What did Nicodemus already know about Jesus?   How?

9. What must happen before one can enter the kingdom of heaven?

10. When Jesus speaks of the mysterious wind in vs. 8, is He speaking of the NEW BIRTH or the ONE born anew?

11. Did Nicodemus understand the teachings of Jesus?

12. What event is understood in Jesus being “lifted up”?

13. To what event does this relate to in Moses’ day?

14. How does John 3:15 help us know the kind of faith necessary for salvation presented in John 3:16?

15. What did Jesus not come to earth to do?

16. How do people seal their judgment?

17. What was Jesus doing that caused some to come and question John?

18. What two facts does John present to show no problem existed between him and Jesus?

19. What did John testify as to the origin of Jesus?

20. What does “He giveth not the spirit by measure” mean in 3:34?

21. What conditions exist that keeps one from the wrath of God and allows one to enjoy eternal life?



A. Manifested to the Samaritan woman and her neighbors (4:1-42)

1. Jesus departs Judea – “must need” pass through Samaria (4:1-6)

a. Word is out that He is making more disciples than John.

b. God’s work must be accomplished.

c. Disciples depart into city to buy food.

2. Jesus speaks with woman concerning the gift of “living water” (4:7-26)

a. Woman surprised that Jesus (Jewish man) would ask water of her (Samaritan woman).

b. Jesus offers her the spiritual and eternal life-giving water – yet she thinks in terms of thirst quenching literal water.

c. Jesus’ knowledge of her personal life moves her to confess that He is a prophet.

d. Jesus responds to her question about the place of worship by teaching that God’s true worshippers worship Him “in spirit and in truth.”

3. Disciples return surprised to see Jesus talking with a woman – but none question Him as to “what” or “why” (4:27-38).

a. Woman leaves water pot to tell her neighbors of the one “who told me all things that ever I did.”

1. Her open question: “Can this be the Christ?”

2. People of the city come to see for themselves.

b. Disciples plead with Christ to eat – Christ points out that His “meat” is to accomplish God’s work.

1. Jesus encourages disciples to focus on the harvest of souls before them, and pray for laborers.

4. Many of the Samaritans believe on Christ (4:39-42).

            a. Some believe because of the woman’s words.

b. Many more believe because of His word during two day visit with Jesus – confessed that Jesus “is the Saviour of the world.”

B. Manifested to the nobleman of Capernaum – Jesus heals his son (4:43-54)

            1. Jesus leaves after two day visit in Samaria for Galilee (4:43-45).

a. Reason:  to avoid honor that might cause premature conflict with Pharisees – He knows a prophet is without honor in his own country”

2. In Cana, Jesus heals a nobleman’s son who is in Capernaum near death (4:46-54)

a. The man asks Jesus to come to Capernaum to heal son – Jesus sees heart that will only believe by seeing miracles.

b. Jesus speaks the word that son is healed – man believes word.

c. Belief strengthened when man finds out the next day on his way to Capernaum that the hour Jesus spoke, the fever left.

d. The second sign Jesus did after coming out of Judea into Galilee.


1. Why did Jesus leave Judea?

2. Why was it mandatory for Jesus to pass through Samaria?

3. Identify “the Samaritans”:

4. What is meant by: “for Jews have no dealings with Samaritans”?

5. Explain what Jesus offered the woman?  


6. Give examples that illustrate the kind of living water she has in mind?

7. Out of all that Jesus said, what part of the conversation was on her mind when she went to tell others about the one she met?  

8. What is meant by Jesus’ statement that salvation is of the Jews?

9. From “where” and “how” does one offer God acceptable worship?

10. Give the progression of this woman’s concept of Jesus:

11. What did Jesus confess to be?

12. What did Jesus encourage the disciples to see and do?

13. What did the Samaritans confess about Christ?

14. How did they come to their conclusion?

15. Why did Jesus depart into Galilee?

16. What did Jesus say about a weakness, in the nobleman’s faith?

17. What did Jesus do to strengthen the nobleman’s faith?

18. Jesus was in Capernaum when He miraculously healed the nobleman’s son.  (T)  (F)  

19. Was this miracle the second sign Jesus had done in his ministry?  (Explain).  



A. Jesus heals lame man at the pool of Bethesda – condemned for healing on the Sabbath (5:1-18)

1. Jesus commanded man to take up bed and walk – man condemned for picking up bed on Sabbath.

2. In temple Jesus finds man and tells him to sin no more – consequences worse than physical lameness.

3. Jesus answers charges of violating Sabbath by stating that His Father (God) was at work – condemned for making himself equal with God.


B. Jesus testifies that He is the life-giving Son of God (5:19-29).

1. As the Father gives life – the Son gives life to whom He wills.

2. Father gives all judgment unto the Son.

a. Purpose: So all will honor Son as Father

b. Those who do not honor Son do not honor Father.

3. Now is the hour to hear Son’s voice and live spiritually.

4. The hour will come when all shall hear Son’s voice and from the tombs enjoy the resurrection of life or suffer the resurrection of judgment.


C. Jesus presents the witnesses that back up his claim to be of the Father (5:30-47)

1. Though His judgment is righteous, other witnesses needed for confirmation.

2. The confirming witness of John the Baptist.

3. The confirming witness of the works of the Father has given the Son to do – miracles.

4. The confirming witness of the Father

5. The confirming witness of the Scriptures

6. The confirming witness of Moses.


D.  Miracle of feeding the 5,000 – 5 barley loaves and 2 fishes (6:1-15)

1. In the mountain on east side of Sea of Galilee - Passover at hand.

2. Many follow because of the signs did.

3. Jesus asks question of where to buy bread for multitude to prove Philip.

a. Philip – 200 shillings worth is not enough.

b. Andrew – a lad has 5 loaves and 2 fishes, “but what are these among so many?”

4. Jesus gives thanks – distributes to seated multitude – all fed.

a. Disciples at Lord’s command pick up REMAINS – 12 baskets filled with broken pieces.

5. People’s response: He is the prophet that has now come into the world.

6. Jesus goes alone into mountain again – knows that people are about to come and make him king.


E. Miracles of walking on the water of the Sea of Galilee (6:16-21)

1. Disciples travel to Capernaum by boat at dark – Jesus meets them walking on the water some 3 to 4 miles out from shore.

2. Jesus calms their fears – rides in boat with them to shore.

F. Multitude travels to Capernaum to find Jesus – Jesus teaches of the value and identity of the bread of life in the synagogue (6:22-71).

1. Multitude seeks Jesus because they were physically fed – Jesus teaches they should put their emphasis upon the spiritual food that abides unto eternal life.

2. Jesus claims to be the bread of life – power to give spiritual sustenance.

a. The bread of life greater that manna given in wilderness.

b. Complies with Father’s will

c. He has come down from Heaven to give life.

3. Jews do not grasp spiritual emphasis in partaking of Jesus – the true bread of life.

a. Many disciples walk no more with Him.

b. Peter’s confession: “Thou hast the words of eternal life.”

c. Jesus claims the giving of life comes from spirit, not flesh.

(1). Jesus’ words are life – not his fleshly person.

            d. Jesus knew who would believe not and betray him.

                        (1). Judas – one of the twelve – a devil.


1. What brings Jesus to Jerusalem?

2. Describe the pool of Bethesda:

3. What facts prove that Jesus performed a miracle upon the man by the pool?

4. The Jews condemned only Jesus when he healed on the Sabbath.  (T)  (F)

5. Jesus did not see the man again after He healed him. (T)  (F)

6. After the man told the Jews that it was Jesus who healed him, the Jews persecuted Jesus. (T)  (F)

7. What character of love does Jesus say He was from the Father?

8. What two things does Jesus have the power to give?

9. In the Day of Judgment, who will be raised?

10. Name the witnesses that Jesus says back up His claim of being the Son of God, and briefly describe the character of each testimony:

11. What did Jesus say was a barrier for the Jews believing on Him?  

12. Where were the 5,000 fed?

13. What did Philip and Andrew say that showed doubt to the 5,000 being fed?

14. What facts prove that a miracle occurred?

15. Why did Jesus depart into the mountain alone?

16. What caused fear in the hearts of the disciples as they journeyed toward Capernaum by boat?

17. Why were the multitudes seeking Jesus?

18. Did Jesus teach we should not work for our daily bed?

19. Does 6:37 teach the impossibility of apostasy after one is saved?  

20. Through what means does the Father draw men to Christ?

21. How is Jesus as the bread of life LIKE the manna in the wilderness?  

22. How is Jesus as the bread of life GREATER than the manna in the wilderness?

23. Is John 6:54 speaking of partaking of the Lord’s supper?  Explain your answer.

24. How does Jesus give life as the true bread?

25. Did Peter recognize this fact?