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GOSPEL OF JOHN: LESSON 4


IV. CHRIST MANIFESTED AS THE SON OF GOD AMONG MEN (Chapter 4)

A. Manifested to the Samaritan woman and her neighbors (4:1-42)

1. Jesus departs Judea – “must need” pass through Samaria (4:1-6)

a. Word is out that He is making more disciples than John.

b. God’s work must be accomplished.

c. Disciples depart into city to buy food.

2. Jesus speaks with woman concerning the gift of “living water” (4:7-26)

a. Woman surprised that Jesus (Jewish man) would ask water of her (Samaritan woman).

b. Jesus offers her the spiritual and eternal life-giving water – yet she thinks in terms of thirst quenching literal water.

c. Jesus’ knowledge of her personal life moves her to confess that He is a prophet.

d. Jesus responds to her question about the place of worship by teaching that God’s true worshippers worship Him “in spirit and in truth.”

3. Disciples return surprised to see Jesus talking with a woman – but none question Him as to “what” or “why” (4:27-38).

a. Woman leaves water pot to tell her neighbors of the one “who told me all things that ever I did.”

1. Her open question: “Can this be the Christ?”

2. People of the city come to see for themselves.

b. Disciples plead with Christ to eat – Christ points out that His “meat” is to accomplish God’s work.

1. Jesus encourages disciples to focus on the harvest of souls before them, and pray for laborers.

4. Many of the Samaritans believe on Christ (4:39-42).

            a. Some believe because of the woman’s words.

b. Many more believe because of His word during two day visit with Jesus – confessed that Jesus “is the Saviour of the world.”

B. Manifested to the nobleman of Capernaum – Jesus heals his son (4:43-54)

            1. Jesus leaves after two day visit in Samaria for Galilee (4:43-45).

a. Reason:  to avoid honor that might cause premature conflict with Pharisees – He knows a prophet is without honor in his own country”

2. In Cana, Jesus heals a nobleman’s son who is in Capernaum near death (4:46-54)

a. The man asks Jesus to come to Capernaum to heal son – Jesus sees heart that will only believe by seeing miracles.

b. Jesus speaks the word that son is healed – man believes word.

c. Belief strengthened when man finds out the next day on his way to Capernaum that the hour Jesus spoke, the fever left.

d. The second sign Jesus did after coming out of Judea into Galilee.



QUESTIONS:


1. Why did Jesus leave Judea?


2. Why was it mandatory for Jesus to pass through Samaria?


3. Identify “the Samaritans”:


4. What is meant by: “for Jews have no dealings with Samaritans”?


5. Explain what Jesus offered the woman?  

 

6. Give examples that illustrate the kind of living water she has in mind?


7. Out of all that Jesus said, what part of the conversation was on her mind when she went to tell others about the one she met?  


8. What is meant by Jesus’ statement that salvation is of the Jews?


9. From “where” and “how” does one offer God acceptable worship?


10. Give the progression of this woman’s concept of Jesus:


11. What did Jesus confess to be?


12. What did Jesus encourage the disciples to see and do?


13. What did the Samaritans confess about Christ?


14. How did they come to their conclusion?


15. Why did Jesus depart into Galilee?


16. What did Jesus say about a weakness, in the nobleman’s faith?


17. What did Jesus do to strengthen the nobleman’s faith?


18. Jesus was in Capernaum when He miraculously healed the nobleman’s son.  (T)  (F)  


19. Was this miracle the second sign Jesus had done in his ministry?  (Explain).  




GOSPEL OF JOHN: LESSON 5


V. CHRIST’S MIRACULOUS WORK AND GROWING CONTROVERSY   (Chapters 5-6)


A. Jesus heals lame man at the pool of Bethesda – condemned for healing on the Sabbath (5:1-18)

1. Jesus commanded man to take up bed and walk – man condemned for picking up bed on Sabbath.

2. In temple Jesus finds man and tells him to sin no more – consequences worse than physical lameness.

3. Jesus answers charges of violating Sabbath by stating that His Father (God) was at work – condemned for making himself equal with God.

 

B. Jesus testifies that He is the life-giving Son of God (5:19-29).

1. As the Father gives life – the Son gives life to whom He wills.

2. Father gives all judgment unto the Son.

a. Purpose: So all will honor Son as Father

b. Those who do not honor Son do not honor Father.

3. Now is the hour to hear Son’s voice and live spiritually.

4. The hour will come when all shall hear Son’s voice and from the tombs enjoy the resurrection of life or suffer the resurrection of judgment.

 

C. Jesus presents the witnesses that back up his claim to be of the Father (5:30-47)

1. Though His judgment is righteous, other witnesses needed for confirmation.

2. The confirming witness of John the Baptist.

3. The confirming witness of the works of the Father has given the Son to do – miracles.

4. The confirming witness of the Father

5. The confirming witness of the Scriptures

6. The confirming witness of Moses.

 

D.  Miracle of feeding the 5,000 – 5 barley loaves and 2 fishes (6:1-15)

1. In the mountain on east side of Sea of Galilee - Passover at hand.

2. Many follow because of the signs did.

3. Jesus asks question of where to buy bread for multitude to prove Philip.

a. Philip – 200 shillings worth is not enough.

b. Andrew – a lad has 5 loaves and 2 fishes, “but what are these among so many?”

4. Jesus gives thanks – distributes to seated multitude – all fed.

a. Disciples at Lord’s command pick up REMAINS – 12 baskets filled with broken pieces.

5. People’s response: He is the prophet that has now come into the world.

6. Jesus goes alone into mountain again – knows that people are about to come and make him king.

 

E. Miracles of walking on the water of the Sea of Galilee (6:16-21)

1. Disciples travel to Capernaum by boat at dark – Jesus meets them walking on the water some 3 to 4 miles out from shore.

2. Jesus calms their fears – rides in boat with them to shore.


F. Multitude travels to Capernaum to find Jesus – Jesus teaches of the value and identity of the bread of life in the synagogue (6:22-71).

1. Multitude seeks Jesus because they were physically fed – Jesus teaches they should put their emphasis upon the spiritual food that abides unto eternal life.

2. Jesus claims to be the bread of life – power to give spiritual sustenance.

a. The bread of life greater that manna given in wilderness.

b. Complies with Father’s will

c. He has come down from Heaven to give life.

3. Jews do not grasp spiritual emphasis in partaking of Jesus – the true bread of life.

a. Many disciples walk no more with Him.

b. Peter’s confession: “Thou hast the words of eternal life.”

c. Jesus claims the giving of life comes from spirit, not flesh.

(1). Jesus’ words are life – not his fleshly person.

            d. Jesus knew who would believe not and betray him.

                        (1). Judas – one of the twelve – a devil.


QUESTIONS:


1. What brings Jesus to Jerusalem?


2. Describe the pool of Bethesda:


3. What facts prove that Jesus performed a miracle upon the man by the pool?


4. The Jews condemned only Jesus when he healed on the Sabbath.  (T)  (F)


5. Jesus did not see the man again after He healed him. (T)  (F)


6. After the man told the Jews that it was Jesus who healed him, the Jews persecuted Jesus. (T)  (F)


7. What character of love does Jesus say He was from the Father?


8. What two things does Jesus have the power to give?


9. In the Day of Judgment, who will be raised?


10. Name the witnesses that Jesus says back up His claim of being the Son of God, and briefly describe the character of each testimony:


11. What did Jesus say was a barrier for the Jews believing on Him?  


12. Where were the 5,000 fed?


13. What did Philip and Andrew say that showed doubt to the 5,000 being fed?


14. What facts prove that a miracle occurred?


15. Why did Jesus depart into the mountain alone?


16. What caused fear in the hearts of the disciples as they journeyed toward Capernaum by boat?


17. Why were the multitudes seeking Jesus?


18. Did Jesus teach we should not work for our daily bed?


19. Does 6:37 teach the impossibility of apostasy after one is saved?  


20. Through what means does the Father draw men to Christ?


21. How is Jesus as the bread of life LIKE the manna in the wilderness?  


22. How is Jesus as the bread of life GREATER than the manna in the wilderness?


23. Is John 6:54 speaking of partaking of the Lord’s supper?  Explain your answer.


24. How does Jesus give life as the true bread?


25. Did Peter recognize this fact?  




GOSPEL OF JOHN: LESSON 6


VI. JESUS’ CLAIMS AND CONFLICT WITH THE JEWS (Chapters 7-8)


A. The occasion (7:1, 2, 14; 8:20, 59)

1. Jews seek to kill Jesus – reason for being in Galilee.

2. Feast of the Jews – Feast of tabernacles (cf. Lev. 23:33, 39-44;            Num. 29:12-34)

3. The temple – by treasury

 

B. Jesus’ unbelieving brethren disagree with Him over His public manifestation   (7:3-9).

 

C. Jews disagree concerning character of Jesus (7:10-13)

1. Jews: seek to kill Jesus

2. Some of multitude: Jesus is a “good” man.

3. Others: Jesus is leading the multitude astray.

 

D. Jesus appeals to multitude to make right judgments concerning Him – first discourse during feast (7:14-36)

1. Jesus’ claim: Sent by God; from God; knows God

2. Jesus’ test: knowing source of teaching depends on first willing to do God’s will.

3. Jesus’ argument: if circumcision on Sabbath is practiced, certainly, making man whole was lawful (cf. 5:1-18).

4. Questions concerning the identity of Jesus:

a. Do rulers know that Jesus is truly the Christ?

b. Will the true Christ do more signs than Jesus?

c. Where would Jesus go that Jews could not also go?

5. Pharisees send officers to take Jesus.  


E. Jesus speaks of rivers of living water – second discourse during the feast        (7:37-52)

1. Rivers of living water – blessings of salvation provided with Spirit’s revelation.

2. Response of multitude – divided.

a. Jesus is the prophet.

b. The Christ out of Galilee? – it is Bethlehem

c. Some would have taken Him to kill Him – no hands laid.

d. Officers report: never man so spake.

3. Nicodemus’ appeal for justice for Jesus.   


F. Jesus deals with trying case of woman taken in the sin of adultery (8:1-11).

1. Jesus remains true to law, strong against sin, and compassionate to the woman.

 

G. Jesus claims to be light to the world – third discourse during feast (8:12-58).  

1. Jesus is the light of life to those who follow Him.

2. Jesus’ own witness of Himself is true – Father’s witness confirms.

3. Jesus claims to be from above – not of this world.

4. Jews will die in their sins through unbelief – therefore cannot go where   Jesus is going.

5. Many believe on Jesus.

6. Abiding in Jesus’ word – character of true disciple

7. Rejecting truth and desiring to kill Jesus – Jews were manifesting the character of the Devil.

8. Jesus claims to be “I Am” – in existence before Abraham.

9. Jews try to stone Jesus – Jesus hidden and departs from temple.     


QUESTIONS:


1. What was the feast of tabernacles?


2. What did Jesus’ brothers in effect want Jesus to do?


3. What did Jesus mean by: “My time is not yet come; but your time is always ready”?  


4. What is necessary in understanding if Christ is speaking from God or not?  


5. Who was made whole on the Sabbath?


6. What argument does Jesus offer that He did not violate the law of the Sabbath?


7. What questions were circulating concerning the identity of Jesus?  



8.  What did the Pharisees do when they heard the multitude’s questionings concerning Jesus?



9. Why could not the Jews go where Jesus was going?  


10. What are the rivers of living in 7:38?


11. Were the Jews right concerning from whence the Christ would come in 7:42?


12. Why did not the officers take Jesus as they were commanded?


13. Examining how the Jewish leaders responded to the officers,

 a. the leaders were reacting with humility.

 b. the leaders were reacting with prejudice.

 c. the leaders were reacting with love for the truth.   


14. Why did the Pharisees bring the adulterous woman to Jesus?


15. How “law abiding” were the Pharisees in this matter?


16. Jesus did not condemn the woman caught in adultery because:

 a. the man who committed adultery with her was not also brought forth.

 b. the law demanded at least two witnesses to condemn on of a sinful act.

 c. Jesus applied His grace apart from the law.


17. What did Jesus claim to be to the world?  


18. Why is Jesus’ own witness concerning Himself true?  


19. Where is Jesus when He makes His claim and witness?  


20. What contrasts does Jesus make between man and Himself?


21. When would Jesus’ true identity be known?  


22. What is necessary before one can be a true disciple?


23. How were the Jews showing that the Devil was their father?


24. How was the train of thought of Jesus different from the Jews in 8:32-59?


25. How does Jesus claim His Deity in regards to Abraham?


26. Who took up stones to cast at Jesus?

 Why?