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GOSPEL OF JOHN: LESSON 6


VI. JESUS’ CLAIMS AND CONFLICT WITH THE JEWS (Chapters 7-8)


A. The occasion (7:1, 2, 14; 8:20, 59)

1. Jews seek to kill Jesus – reason for being in Galilee.

2. Feast of the Jews – Feast of tabernacles (cf. Lev. 23:33, 39-44;            Num. 29:12-34)

3. The temple – by treasury

 

B. Jesus’ unbelieving brethren disagree with Him over His public manifestation   (7:3-9).

 

C. Jews disagree concerning character of Jesus (7:10-13)

1. Jews: seek to kill Jesus

2. Some of multitude: Jesus is a “good” man.

3. Others: Jesus is leading the multitude astray.

 

D. Jesus appeals to multitude to make right judgments concerning Him – first discourse during feast (7:14-36)

1. Jesus’ claim: Sent by God; from God; knows God

2. Jesus’ test: knowing source of teaching depends on first willing to do God’s will.

3. Jesus’ argument: if circumcision on Sabbath is practiced, certainly, making man whole was lawful (cf. 5:1-18).

4. Questions concerning the identity of Jesus:

a. Do rulers know that Jesus is truly the Christ?

b. Will the true Christ do more signs than Jesus?

c. Where would Jesus go that Jews could not also go?

5. Pharisees send officers to take Jesus.  


E. Jesus speaks of rivers of living water – second discourse during the feast        (7:37-52)

1. Rivers of living water – blessings of salvation provided with Spirit’s revelation.

2. Response of multitude – divided.

a. Jesus is the prophet.

b. The Christ out of Galilee? – it is Bethlehem

c. Some would have taken Him to kill Him – no hands laid.

d. Officers report: never man so spake.

3. Nicodemus’ appeal for justice for Jesus.   


F. Jesus deals with trying case of woman taken in the sin of adultery (8:1-11).

1. Jesus remains true to law, strong against sin, and compassionate to the woman.

 

G. Jesus claims to be light to the world – third discourse during feast (8:12-58).  

1. Jesus is the light of life to those who follow Him.

2. Jesus’ own witness of Himself is true – Father’s witness confirms.

3. Jesus claims to be from above – not of this world.

4. Jews will die in their sins through unbelief – therefore cannot go where   Jesus is going.

5. Many believe on Jesus.

6. Abiding in Jesus’ word – character of true disciple

7. Rejecting truth and desiring to kill Jesus – Jews were manifesting the character of the Devil.

8. Jesus claims to be “I Am” – in existence before Abraham.

9. Jews try to stone Jesus – Jesus hidden and departs from temple.     


QUESTIONS:


1. What was the feast of tabernacles?


2. What did Jesus’ brothers in effect want Jesus to do?


3. What did Jesus mean by: “My time is not yet come; but your time is always ready”?  


4. What is necessary in understanding if Christ is speaking from God or not?  


5. Who was made whole on the Sabbath?


6. What argument does Jesus offer that He did not violate the law of the Sabbath?


7. What questions were circulating concerning the identity of Jesus?  



8.  What did the Pharisees do when they heard the multitude’s questionings concerning Jesus?



9. Why could not the Jews go where Jesus was going?  


10. What are the rivers of living in 7:38?


11. Were the Jews right concerning from whence the Christ would come in 7:42?


12. Why did not the officers take Jesus as they were commanded?


13. Examining how the Jewish leaders responded to the officers,

 a. the leaders were reacting with humility.

 b. the leaders were reacting with prejudice.

 c. the leaders were reacting with love for the truth.   


14. Why did the Pharisees bring the adulterous woman to Jesus?


15. How “law abiding” were the Pharisees in this matter?


16. Jesus did not condemn the woman caught in adultery because:

 a. the man who committed adultery with her was not also brought forth.

 b. the law demanded at least two witnesses to condemn on of a sinful act.

 c. Jesus applied His grace apart from the law.


17. What did Jesus claim to be to the world?  


18. Why is Jesus’ own witness concerning Himself true?  


19. Where is Jesus when He makes His claim and witness?  


20. What contrasts does Jesus make between man and Himself?


21. When would Jesus’ true identity be known?  


22. What is necessary before one can be a true disciple?


23. How were the Jews showing that the Devil was their father?


24. How was the train of thought of Jesus different from the Jews in 8:32-59?


25. How does Jesus claim His Deity in regards to Abraham?


26. Who took up stones to cast at Jesus?

 Why?   




GOSPEL OF JOHN: LESSON 7


VII. JESUS’ MIRACLE, CLAIMS AND CONFLICT WITH THE JEWS           (Chapters 9-10)


A. Jesus heals blind man (chapter 9)

1. The miracle – work of God (9:1-7)

a. Blindness not punishment for sin – opportunity for miraculous work of God.

b. Man born blind – Jesus mixes his spittle with clay – man washes in pool of Siloam – man sees (9:5)

c. Occurs on Sabbath (9:14)

2. The man

            a. A beggar (9:8)

            b. Before his neighbors (9:8-12)

                        (1) They argue if it is really him.

                        (2) Man says Jesus healed him.

            c. Before Pharisees – the first time (9:13-17)

(1) Pharisees are divided: Jesus is a sinner – healing on sabbath; a sinner cannot do such signs.

(2) The man answers: HOW he was healed – repeats the instructions given by Jesus; WHO healed him – prophet.

d. Before Pharisees – the second time (9:24-34)

             (1) Pharisees: Know Jesus is a sinner.

             (2) The man: knows he was blind and now sees.

(a) Asked HOW healed – already answered, why answer again?

(b) If Jesus not from God – could do nothing

(c) Man cast out for teaching Pharisees when born in sin.

e. Before Jesus (9:35-41)

             (1) Jesus asks man if he believed in the Son of God.

             (2) Jesus claims to be Son of God.

             (3) Jesus worshipped.

3. Man’s parents called to testify (9:18-23)

            a. Confess that man is their son and born blind.

            b. Do not confess how he was healed – fear Jews.

            c. Appeal to Pharisees to ask son who is of age to answer for himself.

 

B. Jesus’ parable and claims (Chapter 10)

1. Feast of Dedication – remembering cleaning of temple in Maccabean Period (10:22).

            a. People remembered miracle of chapter 9 (10:21)

2. Parable of shepherd and sheep-fold (10:1-6)

3. Jesus’ claims (10:7-42)

            a. Door of sheep – access

            b. Good shepherd – gives life for sheep

            c. One with Father – Deity

4. Reaction of Pharisees:

            a. Do not understand parable (10:6)

            b. Jesus is crazy – claims He has demon (10:20)

            c. But, can demon open eyes of the blind? (10:21)

            d. Desire to know if Jesus is indeed the Christ (10:24)

e. Accuse Jesus of blasphemy: man making himself equal with God (10:33, 36)

f. Seek to take Jesus – unsuccessful (10:39)

5. Jesus goes to area beyond Jordan – many believe (10:41-42).


QUESTIONS:


1. What was a common belief among Jews about one who was afflicted?


2. What is the night that will come in 9:4?  


3. What two questions did the Pharisees ask the man?


4. Why was there division among the Pharisees?


5. What did the man confess about Jesus?


6. What question did the man’s parents refuse to answer?  Why?


7. Why did the Pharisees call the man to answer a second time?


8. Was the answer given by the man the second time merely sarcastic?


9. Who is the sinner that God does not hear?


10. Besides being a miracle, what made this healing unusual?


11. What claim did Jesus make to the healed man?


12. According to Jesus, what was one reason for coming to earth?


13. Explain verse 41:


14. What characteristic separates the true shepherd from thief and robber?


15. What of the parable does Jesus apply to Himself?


16. What kind of life does Jesus give?


17. Who are the other sheep not of current fold?


18. What were two opposing views concerning Jesus?


19. What was the Feast of Dedication?


20. Does 10:28-29 teach “once saved always saved” doctrine?


21. Why was Jesus accused of blasphemy?


22. Did Jesus claim to be the Son of God?


23. Did John perform miraculous signs?