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1.  The second characteristic of the blessed or happy Christian is one who “mourns.”

2. The thought that should quickly come to our mind is that Jesus is not speaking from the point of view of this world…Who believes one can be happy while mourning?

3. This lesson will bring out how this blessed state of the mourning is not a contradiction, but a necessity in the life of the Christian and a blessing in the relationship of brethren.


A. The Greek word “PENTHEO” means to grieve, mourn or bewail

1. Word denotes not only an inward grief, but the inward mourning that is coupled with tears or verbal weeping – Nations grieving over desolation of Babylon (Rev. 18:11, 15, 19).

2. The time for fasting coupled with mourning for having the bridegroom (Jesus) taken away in death will come – then a proper time to mourn (Matthew 9:15).  

3. Disciples are mourning and weeping when Mary brings them news of Jesus’ resurrection and personal appearance (Mark 16:10).

B. Mourning for sin

1. Sinners and doublemined should seek cleansing of sin – laughter of an unconcerned world needs to turn to mourning over their sins (James 4:8-10).

a. If the world remains in sin – one day it will mourn (Lk. 6:25).

2. David’s mournful heart regarding his sin (Psm. 51)

            a. He cannot escape his sin (v.3)

            b. Considers his sin in the context of God (v. 4).

c. Mourns so much his sin that he considers to be tainted with sin even to the point of when he was conceived (v.5, cf. Jn. 9:2-3).

d. He considers his sin in terms of the crushing of his bones – longs for inward joy (v. 7).

e. seeking the joy of forgiveness and right relationship with God (v.9-12).

f. fruits of repentance and forgiveness (v. 13-15).

g. God does not despise a broken and contrite heart (v.16-17).


A. Seeing mourning from the perspective of the world will never issue into a blessed state of being comforted.

1. The world loosing source of worldly riches have no promise of being comforted (cf. Revelation 18: 11, 15, 19)

2. The worldly disregard for spiritual relationship with God has only eternal weeping and gnashing of teeth in their future (cf. Lk. 6:25, Matt. 13:42).

B. When man humbles himself before God in mourning, God will exalt him to a renewed relationship with Him in forgiveness

1. No comfort when still unclean in sin (Psm. 51:10)

2. No comfort when separated from God (Psm. 51:11)  

3. Restoration of the joy of being saved from sin is comforting to look forward to.

C. The Gospel is comforting good news to the one who first mourns for his or her sin

            1. How Paul looked at himself, his sins, God and Christ

a. “Wretched man that I am! (Romans 7:24)

b. Thankful to God that in Christ he has no condemnation (Romans 7:25, 8:1, 2, 6)

2. Gospel is preached to the dead in sin as good news to those who stand condemned before God in their sin (I Pet. 4:6)  



A. Sin of the individual – man committing adultery with his father’s wife- not puffed up, overlooking sin (I Cor. 5:2)


B. Sins of others – not repented of (2 Cor. 12:21)

C. There is comfort in forgiveness (2 Cor. 2:6-7)



1. The first two beatitudes emphasize the character of the Christian primarily before God

    a. Not self-sufficient – but God- sufficient (poor in spirit…)

    b. (Mourning) for sin – Not disregarding our sin in a laughing unconcerned world.  


1. With the second beatitude, why might you to consider “blessedness” differently

    from a worldly definition of happiness?

2. The Greek word, translated “mourn” is not just a “inward grief” but is sometimes

     associated with ____________    __________________.

3. What two classes of people should mourn?

4. How deeply mournful was David regarding his sin of adultery with Bathsheba?

5. What does God never despise?

6. How did Paul go from mourning to comfort in Christ?

7. Is the Gospel good news separated completely from condemning sin?

8. What will a brother in Christ not overlook when he mourns for his brother’s sin?

9. What caused Paul to mourn for all brethren?  

10. Is there scriptural comfort in forgiveness?





1.  Being “poor in spirit” and “mourning” over sin primarily manifest the Christian’s character in his or her personal relationship with God.

2. Being “meek” is no different, but meekness manifests itself in numerous ways in our relationship with others (James 1:21, Titus 3:2)


I. BLESSED ARE THE MEEK… (Matthew 5:5)  

A. The Greek word “PRAUS” denotes a spirit of humility, gentleness or meekness.  

1. So translated:

    a. “Meek” (KJV, NKJV, NIV, ESV, ASV)

    b. “Gentle” (NAS)

    c. “Humble” (CEV - Contemporary English Version)

2. The character of keeping “self” in check that allows one to “absorb” hurtful and unjust things without immediately defending “self” before others.

    a. “Meekness” is “strength under control” – we are quick to react forcefully when defending ourselves.  Like a          wild stallion, the strength of the horse is still present, but as a tamed stallion, the strength is kept under               control.

    b. “Gentleness” comes to mind because an agitated spirit is not allowed to surface

    c. “Humility” comes to mind because one is lowering self and one’s rights before others.


3. Bible Examples: Jesus (Matt 11:29, 21:5) and Moses (Num. 12:3)  

    a. Jesus in the garden when captured (Matt. 26:51-56)

        (1). Peter reacted with a sword

        (2). Jesus reacted with healing and teaching

        (3). He could have called for 12 legions (72,000) angels to defend Him.

    b. Jesus before Pilate (Matt. 27:12-14)

        (1). Speaks to his “kingship”

        (2). Silence in defending self before false accusations of others

    c. Moses before accusations of Miriam and Aaron (Num. 12:1-15)

        (1). Silent when accused by others

        (2). Jehovah is listening and reacts

        (3). Moses prays for Miriam

    d. Paul exhorts Timothy to make meekness an urgent pursuit (I Timothy 6:11)


            A. When meekness is manifested –an inheritance enjoyed is in the future.

B. The kingdom of heaven already is ruling in the Christian’s life with the promise of eternal life (Matt. 19:29, Matt. 25:34, I Cor. 15:50)

C. Jesus says the meek shall “inherit” the earth as well.

a. One already is empty of self, trusting in God completely and lives “God-sustained,” not “self-sustained” (ex. Phil. 4:12-13)

b. The Meek is absorbing – not quick to fight back in defending self, while seeking and submitting to God’s rule from heaven (cf. Matthew 6: 25, 32-33)

c. The world may view the Christian as a fool – but this so-called meek fool possesses “all things” (I Cor. 3:21-22)

    1. Paul… and fellow teachers

    2. the world

    3. life

    4. death

    5. things present

    6. things to come

    7. “all things are yours” – “ye are Christ’s” - “Christ is God’s”


A. Fruit of the Spirit (Gal. 5:23) manifests itself in restoring another who has been overtaken in sin (Gal.6:1).

    1. humility to see self as also being tempted.

    2. reacts with gentleness – not bemeaning another

B. God’s servant correcting those who “opposing themselves” – they lack the “knowledge of the truth.”  (2 Tim. 2:24-26)

    1. in “meekness”- “humility” correcting the opposition.

    2. Meekness governing our words can defuse conflict (Prov. 15:1, Eccl. 10:4)

    3. Meekness governing our words can be persuasive (I Pet. 3:15,  Prov. 16:21, 25:15, I Pet. 3:4)

           C. Reacting to brethren who upset you (Col. 3:12-13, Eph. 4:2)

    1. with “meekness, longsuffering, forbearing one another

    2. then, forgiving when one repents (cf. Lk. 17:3)

D. Meekness should always be present even when the rod of chastisement in spiritual warfare takes center stage (2 Cor. 10:1-6, I Cor. 4:18-21).



1. How is meekness manifested toward God?  Is meekness a characteristic that should only be manifested toward our brethren?

2. What “concept” of meekness allows the translation of the Greek word to be accurately “humble” and “gentle?”

3. How did Jesus manifest meekness in the garden when He was captured?

4. How did Jesus manifest meekness before Pilate?

5. What meekness was Moses manifesting when Miriam and Aaron were speaking against him?

6. How urgent was meekness in Paul’s instruction to Titus?

7. How is the meek blessed knowing he or she “shall inherit the earth?”

8. Why does Paul address the “spiritual” to restore a brother who has been overtaken in a sin?  How is meekness manifested in the work of restoration?  

9. What does meekness look like in the servant of the Lord when teaching those who oppose the truth?

10. How does meekness work in our speech to defuse conflict?

11. What should your initial response be when brethren agitate you?

12. Would it be fair to judge Paul as lacking meekness when he is becoming bold against some while engaged in spiritual warfare?