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CHRISTIANS AS BRETHREN:
PERSONAL CHARACTER AND CONDUCT
1. Beginning with the fourth beatitude, we see the longing for something out of our “emptiness” and the assured promised blessing of being filled.
a. “Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after righteousness; for they shall befilled” (Matthew 5:6)
2. Beginning with fifth beatitude, we see being filled with righteousness is no longer empty, but filled to offer mercy.
a. “Blessed are the merciful; for they shall obtain mercy” (Matt. 5:7).
I. BLESSED ARE THE MERCIFUL … (Matthew 5:7)
A. What “merciful” means:
1. “to have mercy (eleos, “mercy”), to show kindness, by beneficence, or assistance,” is translated “have compassion” in Mk. 5:19; Matt. 18:33 kvj.
a. “miraculous healing – casting out demons (Mk. 5:19)
b. “forgive”– being moved with “compassion” (Matt. 18:27,33)
(1). As the Father is merciful (Lk. 6:36, Matt. 18:35)
(2). Paul obtained mercy – (I Tim. 1:13,16).
(3). Jews and Gentiles obtained mercy (Rom. 9:23-
B. Components to being “merciful:” (Luke 10:29-
1. Moved with heart of compassion (v.33)
2. Acted: bound up wounds, pouring oil and wine, put him on horse, took him to an inn, paying for his lodging and care, promising to pay extra if needed (v. 34-
II. “…FOR THEY SHALL OBTAIN MERCY”
A. You would hope mercy would be returned by those who received your mercy:
1. Selfishness gets in the way (Matt. 18:28-
2. Expressions of kindness are not always returned –Joash (2 Chron. 24:1-
B. Obtaining mercy for family in time and self in the day of the Lord (2 Tim. 1:16-
III. MANIFESTING MERCY AND NOT SACRIFICE
A. What God desires (Hosea 6:6).
B. Disciples picking grain in fields – guiltless (Deut. 23:24-
C. Jesus condemned for eating with publicans and sinners – Jesus seeking sinners to save (Matt. 9: 10-
D. Leaving undone the weightier matters of the law (Matt. 23:23-
IV. MANIFESTING MERCY TO OTHERS
A. Showing mercy with “cheerfulness” (Rom. 12:8)
1. Not a manifestation of drudgery – gladly offering acts of kindness
2. Extending “hospitality” without “murmuring” (I Pet. 4:9).
B. Tempering chastisement of Justice (Psm. 78:38-
1. Disciplining our children (Prov. 13:24, 23:13-
2. Discipline of brethren – withdrawing our approving social contact, not our merciful kindness (I Cor. 5:9-
C. Manifesting mercy accordingly to the spiritual state of others (Jude 22-
1. “And on some have compassion, making a distinction” (NKJ)
2. “And on some have mercy, who are in doubt (ASV)
3. some may demand you take drastic measures – “snatching them out of the fire”
4. Those who have progressed from doubt to sin – manifest your mercy hating the effects of sin.
1. What does “merciful” mean?
2. How do we manifest this characteristic of God?
3. When you extend mercy on someone, will you always obtain mercy from them? Why or why not?
4. When will the merciful “obtain mercy?”
5. What does it mean when the Scriptures say God “desires mercy and not sacrifice?”
6. Is “compassion” the last emotion that should govern being “merciful?”
7. Does being merciful mean we overlook sin in others?
8. How does “mercy” temper the chastisement of justice?
9. How do we temper our mercy when dealing with sin?