Parkview CHURCH of CHRIST

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DEUTERONOMY – INTRODUCTION


I. TITLE OF THE BOOK:

A. In the Hebrew Bible, this book is entitled, “HADDEBHARIM” – “The Words.”

1. Taken from the opening verse: “These are the words which Moses speak unto all Israel beyond the Jordan in the wilderness…” (1:1).

2. The history and legislation of earlier books are reviewed in Deuteronomy as a basis for the words of admonition.


B. In our Bible, the word “DEUTERONOMY” is taken from the Greek “DEUTEROS” (Second) and NOMOS (law).

1. The title which the Septuagint translators gave the book when they translated the Old Testament into Greek in the third century B.C.

2. The book does not literally contain a second law, but a new expounding of the Law of Moses to a new generation.


II. AUTHOR OF THE BOOK  

A. Moses

1.  Paul referred to Moses’ writings as inspired of God (Rom. 10:5-8, Deut. 30:12-14; Rom. 15:10, Deut. 32:43).

2. Jesus relied on Deuteronomy as infallible Scripture from God (“it is written” when being tempted by the Devil (Matthew 4:4-10, cf. Jn. 10;34-35, Deut. 8:3, Deut. 6:16, Deut. 6:13).

3. Peter- “Moses indeed said…” (Acts 3:22, Deut. 18:15).

4. Stephen – “This is that Moses who said…” (Acts 7:37, Deut. 18:15).

5. Jesus – Moses commanded to give a “bill of divorcement” (Matt. 19:7-8, Deut. 24:1-5)

 

B. Events after Moses’ life probably compiled by Joshua (Chapter 34).


III. FEATURES OF THE BOOK

A. Book features primarily three addresses to the people delivered by Moses in the eleventh month of the fortieth year after                  the Exodus (1-28).

1. First Address (introductory) (1:6-4:43)

a. A review of where the people have come.

2. Second Address (4:44-26:19)

            a. Exhortations from the Law

3. Third Address (27:1 – 28:68)

            a. Curses and blessings pronounced

B. Renewal of the Covenant in the plains of Moab and the exhortations to keep it (29:1-30:20).

C. The CHARGE of Moses to Joshua and the Levites (Chapter 31)

D. The SONG of Moses about God and Israel (Chapter 32)

E. The BLESSING of Moses upon the tribes of Israel (Chapter 33)

F. The DEATH of Moses on Mount Nebo (Chapter 34)

G. The book of TRANSITION:

1. to a new generation – the old generation died in the wilderness; a new generation to go into the promised land.

2. a new possession – wilderness wandering to a new company in Canaan.

H. The Book emphasizes God’s LOVE (4:37, 7:7-8, 10:15, 23:5).

I. The Book emphasizes God’s FAITHFULNESS (Deut. 6:23)

J. The Book lays down the foundational fact for keeping the Law (Deut. 6:4-5).

K. The Book emphasizes man’s choice (Deut. 30:19-20).


IV. OUTLINE OF STUDY

A. Lesson One (1:1-4:43)

B. Lesson Two (4:44-7:26)

C. Lesson Three (8:1-11:32)

D. lesson Four (12:1-15:23)

E. Lesson Five (16:1-18:22)

F. Lesson Six (19:1-23:25)

G. Lesson Seven (24:1-26:19)

H. Lesson Eight (27:1--30:20)

I. Lesson Nine (31:1-32:52)

J. Lesson Ten (33:1-34:12)